Cahuachi Photo Gallery

Archaeological Destinations in Peru

Archaeological Places in Nazca

In Ica department, Andean man from the coast changed the constraints of the desert into life-giving opportunities through enhanced knowledge and technology that allowed him to make the best possible use of harsh water and weather conditions.

Also, the art of these people flooded the monotonous landscape with color and profound enigmas. Ica, the department capital, located 300 Km. south of Lima and 104 Km. north of Nazca City, can be reached along the Pan-American highway. The region can be visited throughout the year, because its warm weather (an annual average of 24°C) is amazingly bright and stable.

Cahuachi

The largest mud maid ceremonial center in the world.

Is located 30 Km / 19 miles western of Nazca City (30 minutes). The Cahuachi ceremonial center Nazca (200 BC - 900 AD) was a major ceremonial center of the Nazca culture. Is the name of one of the most famous pre-Columbian Andean civilizations. Reputed around the whole world for its fine pottery and for the enigmatic lines and figures drawn in the Palpa and San José plains, this culture saw its first development in the Rio Grande basin, about 400 Km south of Lima and many kilometers away from the sea. Cahuachi spreads over 150 Ha of arid hills and dunes. The ancient Nazca people built their pyramidal temples by terracing the fossil sand dunes. In the lowers parts, smaller architectural mounds, streets and squares give the site a general city aspect. However, this is a deceiving appearance because Cahuachi was a ceremonial center, a sacred destination of Nazca pilgrims between 100 and 500 AD.

The ceremonies in the place included the construction of temples using thousands of conical or wedge adobe bricks. Each participating community demonstrated their true belonging to their religious community by singing, dancing and banqueting, thus explaining why in Cahuachi there is little garbage, while offerings abound (pan flutes and musical drums, sacrificed llamas and guinea pigs, fine textiles, human burials and pottery representing deities). The ceremonial site, center of the social, political and religious life of the region, became very busy when the pilgrims arrived at a scheduled date to then recover its peace under the care of the priest and a very small care-taking population. See Antonini Didactic Museum.

  • Cahuachi Ceremonial Center

    Cahuachi Ceremonial Center

    © J. Mazzotti

  • Cahuachi ceremomial center

    Cahuachi ceremomial center - Air View

    © J. Mazzotti